Area: 147,181 sq. KM
Geography: Situated between Tibet in the north and India in the south, with three major regions – the Himalayan belt in the north, the Hilly region and fertile valleys in the middle and the narrow strip of plain Terai in the South, all running parallel to each other from east to west. Nepal is home to 8 of the 10 highest peaks in the world, including the highest, Mt Everest and the Kali Gandaki River Gorge, the deepest river gorge in the world.
Capital: Kathmandu, a historical city with rich cultural heritage
Population: 27 million (estimate)
Language: Nepali is the official language as well as the main language of communication. English is widely spoken in the capital, other urban centres and tourist areas
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Political system: The politics of Nepal function within a framework of a republic with a multi-party system.
Religion: Nepal enjoyed the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world, but on the toppling of the King in April 2006, was declared a secular state. There is a high level of religious tolerance, and a distinct and harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism throughout the country. Hinduism 86.5%, Buddhism 7.8%, Islam 3.5%, Others 2.1%
People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages
Nepal Standard Time: 5:45 ahead of GMT
Flag: Nepal boasts the only non rectangular flag in the world
Climate: Owing to its varied topography, the country has diverse climatic conditions. It is generally cold in the mountainous region, mild weather in the hills and warm in the plains
Average Temperatures in Nepal (Degree Celsius)
Infrastructure: Nepal currently has 1 international airport, Tribhuavan International Airport in Kathmandu and 44 domestic airports. The foundation stone for a second international airport in Pokhara has been laid and construction is underway. There are 15,458km of roads with four main highways: The Mahendra Highway connecting the east to the west ; The Prithvi Highway connecting to the south and west; The Arniko Highway to the northeast and the Tribhuvan Raj Path connecting to the south.
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